Baseball Crank
Covering the Front and Back Pages of the Newspaper
May 31, 2002
BASEBALL: Gay Ballplayers and Steroids

Originally posted on Projo.com

Somehow, it's always baseball. My mind came back to this, last week as the papers carried two reports on the same day: Mike Piazza denying he was gay, and Barry Bonds denying he uses steroids. For now, we must take both men at their word, and in Piazza's case in particular there is really no reason to inquire further if that is the answer he wishes to give. But the questions were being asked, and on the steroid issue, they are just getting warmed up. And that's baseball, and it's another reason why, for all the mega-ratings popularity of football, for all the pop culture cache of hoops, this is still America's game. People have higher hopes and expectations for baseball, and they expect it to solve its problems. Let college football wallow in hypocrisy, as it has done for all its existence. (Really, we're just students who like to play a game on Saturday! Nobody's making any money here!) See the NBA's popularity soar without the league having done a single thing about the various shames that have been reported about its players in recent years. But if baseball players are on steroids, sooner or later, people want to know. And they will know, even though nobody in the game really has a strong incentive to blow the whistle. Maybe, as he has threatened, it will break with Jose Canseco. The SI-Ken Caminiti expose means the process has already begun.

And if there are gay professional athletes out there - and we know too much about human nature to say there are not - people look to baseball to deal with it, to bring someone into the open and test exactly how much the public is willing to accept. The first rumblings started with the whole story about a year ago about a gay writer who hinted, vaguely but tantalizingly, about a ballplayer he had had an affair with who played on the East Coast and wasn't the biggest star on his team (the writer has since scoffed at the suggestion that he was talking about Piazza, who is very obviously the biggest star on his team) and who was thinking of 'coming out.'

There's a long tradition here. Baseball invented the color line, as far as sports were concerned, and baseball broke it; no other athlete did more to change the country than Jackie Robinson (Muhammad Ali fans to the contrary). Baseball started many of pro sports' traditions in honoring and disciplining players and others in the game; baseball was looked to for an example in wartime, and led the response after September 11. Baseball pioneered free agency, player unions and labor disturbances. Baseball grappled with the fixing of the World Series; as Bill James memorably wrote in the 1986 Abstract, "the reaction of the public in the period after the War to End All Wars was, in essence, that it was one thing when the police were corrupt, that it was one thing when juries were bribed and judges kept on retainer, that it was one thing when elections were rigged and politicians let contracts go to the highest briber, but when baseball players started fixing games, well that was just too much; something had to be done about it." James was writing about the Pittsburgh drug trials of the 1980s, and he wrote in the aftermath that nearly everyone in the game who'd used drugs in the late 70s-early 80s had been publicly exposed as such. Meanwhile, Art Rust jr. famously remarked in the 1970s that "if cocaine were helium, the whole NBA would just float away." But the NBA had no messy public reckoning. It's not like they were baseball players, after all.

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Of course, the way the Piazza story broke was a particularly shabby episode, with a gossip columnist who knows nothing about sports running an item that was pointed enough to suggest Piazza, the most ostentatiously single Met, but does not appear (from the public reports) to have had much in the way of support from credible sources. This would appear, among other things, to violate the gossip columnists' code of ethics (if there be such a thing): don't make a 'blind item' so specific that everyone knows who you're talking about, unless you've really got the goods. Piazza will be heckled about this for the rest of his career, and there's not a damn thing he can do about it. Whatever you think about the merits of a gay man in baseball coming out publicly, I can't possibly imagine a worse situation than 'outing' the star of a contending team in midseason against his will. A week of the season was consumed by the story, and if there had been more support to it, the whole season would have been overshadowed. Remember, Branch Rickey didn't bring Jackie Robinson to the Dodgers in June, and he didn't bring him against his will, either.

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Now the steroid story is the front-page saga, hitting the cover of Sports Illustrated with Ken Caminiti's extremely un-shocking confession that he used steroids in his transformation from a 30-year-old who slugged .390 in 1993 while tying his career highs in homers (13) and doubles to the muscle-bound player who slugged .621, cracked 40 homers and drove in 130 runs in his 1996 MVP campaign. If you were surprised that Caminiti was on steroids, well, there's also some bad news I should give you about pro wrestling.

As with the gay question, there are people throwing around percentages and unproven innuendoes about specific players without a lot of support; in some cases, the same names come up in both debates. On this one, though, the truth should come out, and eventually the dam will break, because it can't hold forever. The SI story will naturally push a lot of people to ask questions they'd shied away from asking before. For my money, the use of steroids doesn't make the homer explosion of the last few years illegitimate any more than the spitball made Ed Walsh's exploits illegitimate or the rampant and varied cheating of the 1894 Baltimore Orioles made them less than true champions - it's just another facet of the competitive conditions of the era. But, like those earlier abuses, it has to be changed. And it's up to the players to change it. The league can police the issue once there's a testing plan in place - but the impetus will have to come from the players themselves, because as long as the owners can only get testing at the bargaining table, they will always have priorities that have more importance to their own interests that they would rather seek as a concession. Can you blame them? At some level, the health of the players is their own business. But sometimes the public has a role, when people need a little outside pressure to resist peer pressures to disregard their own health. You and I can be a part of that, and can give moral support to the 'clean' players who want to re-level the playing field.

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The two issues of condemning the use of steroids and accepting (or not accepting) gay players involve very different underlying considerations, and perhaps some day I'll go back to untangle some of those in this space. (I'd probably be crazy to do so on the issue of gay athletes, but that day will come). But for a moment the two got intertwined: the issues are hot at the same time, the media (in all its various forms) is using the same methods to push them towards disclosure. In doing so, all I can say is, please, folks, tread cautiously.

In the steroid debate, those methods, however ugly, may prove a necessary evil; even so, we can hope that reform will come without anyone's reputation getting slimed unfairly. As Bonds argued, false accusations of steroid use don't just hurt the player; they also contribute to the perception that everyone is doing it and that steroids are the road to success. But when innuendoes and unsubstantiated rumors are used to expose or distort people's sexual preferences against their will, well, that's not right. Because who is or isn't gay is at bottom a social/political issue and not a baseball one, and baseball players shouldn't be forced into social/political debates if they don't want to be.

But people will always try. After all, they are baseball players.

Posted by Baseball Crank at 11:15 AM | Baseball Columns | Comments (12) | TrackBack (0)
Comments

why do baseball players want to take steroids?

Posted by: rob at March 31, 2004 5:30 PM

it deminishes the game and shouldn't be used
although
if you were a baseball player and it was difference of a $50,000 contract and a $4 million contract then think about that

Posted by: justin at April 2, 2004 1:56 PM

Steroids are just wrong. The records that Babe Ruth and Ty Cobb set weren't backed by steroids. Wow. Barry bonds hit 661! Who cares? He's got steoids up to his neck!

Posted by: Ed at April 15, 2004 9:46 AM

steroids in baseball is a joke, i mean really does anyone besides me notice that like 15 great players have dropped like 30 pounds in the last 6 months ever since people have been talking about steroid testing....they are all loaded up with it, i give credit to those players who are decent players but are all skill not drugs.

Posted by: nick at April 21, 2004 4:06 PM

nice spelling Nick. All records back when baseball was the most popular no body used it. Barry Bonds is still one of the best players in the game today.

Posted by: Naugty Scotty at April 29, 2004 2:09 PM

Anybody that has any hand-eye coordination can be good if they pump their bodies full of steroids. I see nothing special about Barry Bonds. Besides, who hits thier peak during their late 30's wihtout some sort of help?

Posted by: andi at May 5, 2004 4:26 PM

anybody who doesnt believe players like barry bonds are on steroids are kidding themselves! It is so obvious it hurts my brain to hear people defend him. What Barry is doing is part of what is destroying baseball. . . excuse me, now im gonna go watch some NFL films.

Posted by: dan at May 19, 2004 4:00 PM

Barry, Barry, Barry. Do you think the whole world is stupid? The feds are on to you and there is nowhere to hide....except behind you big fat steroid jerk head that is. You think you were booed on the road before? Just wait 'till next year

Posted by: Jerry at December 3, 2004 5:54 PM

This whole situation has just barely been skimmed. How about all the other countless players that are on it. Why is fair for just the people who are getting caught to recieve a punishment? If there is significant evidence for others to be charged for their stupidities then let it happen. The true meaning of the game has diapparated and now become an all-for-one competition and the word team means nothing to every one anymore. Sorry, almost everyone. It's crap. Bud Selig you suck and do something substantial about this right now.

Posted by: Aileen at December 5, 2004 2:00 PM

Why can't everyone do the right way. Why can't everyone go lift weights, excersize, make their own working program or do something to build up muscles? Everyone out their who uses steriods are too lazy to lift weights. They use them to show off their muscles to the world and thinking wow that guy/girl is strong! actually people like bonds will be a lil tooth pick if he didnt do steriods. bonds is not the best player today. he is a cheater of using steriods to break homerun records. if your wanting to know whos the best player in the league, look at Albert Pujols. He's a young guy, he's good, he's the next icon, he's the feature homerun breaker, he can do obsolute everything. that guy is great, because he doesn't uses steriods like barry "the p***y" bonds does. back to the doesnt use steriods, if he doesnt use steriods, bonds will be like me as, 5'9 150 lbs. and other thing besides steriods thats pissing me off, is the money to the players contract. basketball and football players don't go out their to play the game, they just go out their to play for the money. i wish they look back in the 80's in 90's where the good days where when those guys in basketball, football, baseball, and hockey didn't care about money. i just wish they will shut the f*** up about the money and be proud of themselves that they're in the pro's for a new level. well everyone i'm out. gotta go to bed.

Ps. If you use steriods you will be called a P***y. If you use steriods to build up your muscles, your not strong at all. Do the right thing, hit the weights. Don't risk your life using those s****y drugs.

Ps. If you play the game for the money, you are nothing comparing like the old guys in the 80's-90's. Play the game, show some acting, be an allstar who doesn't give a shit about money. Money by far to me doesn't mean anything bc 1. money isn't safe. 2. money can harm you, like (getting robbed) or getting killed and 3. it's not important, but it is to the family.

Posted by: Nick at May 31, 2005 11:47 PM

Barry bonds robbed Albert Pujols of at least two MVP awards (courtesy of the former's steroid use). As far as I'm concerned, history will remember Pujols as the better player and the better man while it will remember Barry as a slimey, cheating, misanthropic piece of shit.

Posted by: bk at August 1, 2005 11:44 PM

The use of these steriods are ruining the game. Yes, Bonds has really brought us to the realization of how players are caring more about winning and money and less about the good of the game. But we need to keep pushing with testing ALL players. Is it worth it to cheat just to win? These players are looked up to by kids all around the world. And people wonder why the rates of teens using roids in high school sports is skyrocketing? How about they take a look at the people they're trying to live up to.

Posted by: Sadey at March 24, 2006 7:39 PM
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