Baseball Crank
Covering the Front and Back Pages of the Newspaper
January 9, 2012
BASEBALL: Hall of Fame 2012: My Ballot

The results of the BBWAA Hall of Fame ballot will be announced this afternoon at 2, and expectations are that Barry Larkin will be the sole candidate elected. There being no pitchers on this year's ballot worth discussing that I haven't beaten to death in years past (short summary: no on Jack Morris, no on Lee Smith), let us a take a look at the non-pitchers.

I've already laid out my case for Tim Raines by comparing him to the other tablesetters in my December 2007 Hardball Times column here and for Barry Larkin and against Alan Trammell in my January 2007 THT column on the middle infielders here. I touched on Javy Lopez, new to this year's ballot, in my January 2009 column on the catchers. In my first column in the series, in January 2006, I discussed the case for Fred McGriff and sort of for Bernie Williams, and against Tim Salmon, Dale Murphy, and Don Mattingly. To complete the picture you can check out my April 2010 column on the third basemen, which endorses the Veterans Committee's latest selection, Ron Santo.

Utiliizing the same methodology from those columns - that is, excerpting the "prime" seasons for each hitter and translating them into a common offensive context (you can get the details explained in the THT columns), let's put the whole lot of them in a chart with a number of of the other sluggers of the past 30 years (I included some but not all of the tablesetters, third basemen, middle infielders and catchers for additional context). They are sorted by the "Rate" metric (using the context-adjusted numbers, I multiplied SLG * OBP * Plate Appearances per 162 scheduled games) - obviously you then have to modify that with the things not included in the Rate (baserunning, double plays, fielding, and team/postseason successes) as well as bear in mind how many seasons each player is rated on and how many other more modestly productive years he had. It's a rough metric, but the basic concept of rating Hall of Famers mainly on their prime years is one I feel strongly about.

Frank Thomas10223-326840.3140.5730.4233217165.7Not Yet
Jeff Bagwell13023-356850.2940.5410.39616616146.8YES
Wade Boggs9325-337050.3380.4810.4252316144.1IN
Don Mattingly6123-286840.3290.5500.3721115140.2YES
Albert Belle9024-326740.2930.5730.36210420140.1Off
Edgar Martinez9432-406180.3130.5370.4223213139.9YES
Jim Thome10424-336310.2770.5560.397118139.3Not Yet
Todd Helton9125-336730.3030.5250.3914213138.2Not Yet
Manny Ramirez14223-366210.3020.5660.3922216137.8Not Yet
Jason Giambi9227-356130.2870.5400.4151111137.5Not Yet
Gary Sheffield10327-366320.2980.5370.40412512137.2Not Yet
Rafael Palmeiro12226-376980.2830.5320.3636212134.9YES
Fred McGriff9324-326580.2830.5440.3756315134.1YES
Sammy Sosa10125-346700.2820.5700.35114613134.0Not Yet
Ken Griffey jr11220-306430.2900.5670.36615511133.7Not Yet
Dale Murphy8024-316810.2760.5350.36117612131.7YES
Eddie Murray14121-346710.2960.5190.3746215130.0IN
Mark McGwire13023-355490.2660.6010.3891111128.3YES
Chipper Jones13324-366210.3030.5290.39010315128.1Not Yet
Mike Piazza10424-335900.3190.5720.3792218127.9Not Yet
Criag Biggio9425-337200.2990.4590.38534106127.3Not Yet
Jim Edmonds6430-355900.2850.5570.387647127.0Not Yet
Bernie Williams9125-336490.3090.5040.38813715126.8YES
Dwight Evans10528-376590.2740.5050.3774213125.4Off
John Olerud10324-336500.3010.4750.3991117123.2Off
Keith Hernandez11123-336660.3010.4730.3889512122.5Off
Paul Molitor10730-396670.3160.4840.37926612122.3IN
Kirby Puckett10025-346780.3170.5060.35610618122.2IN
Rickey Henderson14721-346210.2960.4760.41378178122.0IN
Jim Rice12022-336650.2940.5300.3455323121.4IN
Robin Yount10024-336580.3060.5070.36415412121.4IN
Tim Raines9621-296450.3040.4810.38967108120.9YES
Bobby Bonilla10125-346510.2850.5140.3593413120.2Off
Will Clark12223-346060.3020.5100.377537116.6Off
Tony Gwynn14224-376240.3420.4800.38922816116.2IN
Darryl Strawberry9021-295710.2670.5540.3602296114.0Off
Mark Grace11325-356670.3030.4500.3736415112.0Off
Tim Salmon11024-346140.2760.4890.372448111.7YES
Al Oliver11225-356260.3120.5030.3486515109.8Off
Juan Gonzalez11021-315860.2900.5590.3332215109.0YES
Larry Walker13024-365410.2940.5350.36916510106.9YES
Jack Clark14022-355340.2710.5220.3834412106.7Off
Andre Dawson11425-356070.2850.5300.33020612106.2IN
Dave Parker12224-355950.2950.5180.34212812105.3Off
Jorge Posada8328-355740.2750.4740.3772215102.5Not Yet
Barry Larkin9427-355670.2950.4730.37728511101.3YES
Alan Trammell11122-326130.2920.4510.358178999.1YES
Javy Lopez10124-334720.2820.4830.326121474.3YES

For most of these guys, picking the prime years is easy - in a few cases, like Palmeiro, Manny, and Sheffield, you could debate going a year or two more or less, but it doesn't affect the analysis much. But a couple of the candidates can be sliced in different ways. Raines and McGriff both had the same career pattern: a slightly shorter 8-9 year peak of superstardom, followed by a long tail of being a good but not great everyday player, followed in Raines' case by a 3-year coda with the Yankees as a successful and productive platoon/role player on a championship team. This has the unfortunate effect, especially since both players' latter years were much higher-scoring, of people forgetting how dominant they were at their peaks. Bagwell's career path is a better version of the same, with his best 8-year stretch being out of this world. Then there's Edgar, who was an absolute offensive monster for 7 years; the two years after that were good enough that I included them above, while the prior 5 included some great work (his 1991 batting title) but also a lot of time lost to injury. I include 3 different cuts on Edgar so you can judge for yourself.

Jeff Bagwell8526-356950.2970.5670.40919715161.1YES
Edgar Martinez7632-386500.3180.5500.4263214152.2YES
Fred McGriff7224-306500.2860.5670.3856313141.8YES
Edgar Martinez14027-405780.3110.5230.4123213124.4YES
Fred McGriff15024-386440.2810.5110.3675215120.8YES
Tim Raines15021-356310.2960.4560.38254108109.9YES
Fred McGriff8731-386400.2770.4680.3523216105.4YES
Tim Raines9930-385070.2850.4160.370256778.0YES

My short answer is that of the 14 or 15 serious candidates (I say 14, discounting Tim Salmon), there are 2 no-brainers: Jeff Bagwell and Tim Raines. I realize Raines doesn't stick out as well on this chart as when you compare him to the other tablesetters, but when you roll in his very high-value base thievery, few GIDP and longetivity, I think he clears the bar easily. There's one more to me who is a fairly easy call: Fred McGriff. As I've said before, among the shortstops I go with Larkin and not Trammell, and among the pre-1994 sluggers I find Mattingly's and Murphy's prime years too short, and Dave Parker's numbers weighed down by the big performance-detracting drug phase in the middle of his prime (Edited: I forgot that Parker's off the ballot now). Javy Lopez had a season or two of genuine Hall-worthy production, but he doesn't make the cut; Jorge Posada, who retired this weekend, should but that's another year's debate.

Then you get to the PED-era sluggers. Realistically, there's actually not a huge gulf between a number of the guys on this ballot who make it, and those who don't. Some just were healthier, more durable, in circumstances more suited to their talents than others. And that's precisely why the PEDs are such a big issue.

A brief digression, since the issue is unavoidable. I'm sort of in the middle on a lot of steroids debates. I reject the simplistic argument that steroids are of no help to performance in baseball. I find something suspicious in, especially, the unique aging pattern of Barry Bonds, and there is no question that Mark McGwire in particular used PEDs to help him get healthy again in the second half of his career. And while I understand why people expect more of baseball players, I accept the argument that there's never been a true age of innocence in Major League Baseball. And I'm sick of the agendas on all sides of the debate. In the end, for a variety of reasons, I say we ignore PEDs, put in the guys who got the job done on the field, and let the arguments follow.

Setting that aside, I start with Palmeiro, who was a paragon of consistent productivity for 12-13 years. To me, the fact that his teams could bank on his performance is a huge factor.

At the other end you have Juan Gonzalez and Larry Walker, Gonzalez with Hall of Fame power, Walker with a more complete package of skills. But you see them even below the less glamorous Tim Salmon on the chart because neither had the in-season durability over their primes. So, an easy no on Gonzalez, Walker and Salmon.

That brings us to the three hard cases: McGwire, Edgar and Bernie. I do think setting them next to the other sluggers of that era is helpful - whether we know it or not, we're already setting the stage for what we will do when Thomas, Thome, Helton, Manny, Giambi, Sheffield, Sosa, Griffey and Edmonds get on the ballot. Poor Albert Belle already got stampeded off the ballot, despite the fact that his offensive prime tops any of those guys but Thomas and Bagwell by this measurement.

Bernie, like Griffey, gets a leg up for being a center fielder (a good one, albeit with a bad arm), and of course for being one of the core players on a legitimate dynasty. I'm inclined to vote yes on Bernie, even though that means a very crowded list of Yankees from that era (Jeter and Rivera will go in, Torre probably will, Raines, Posada and Mussina should, Sheffield should, Clemens and A-Rod will unless the writers are really ridiculous about PEDs, and that's before you get to Giambi and Pettitte, to say nothing of the not-so-far-off-the-pace guys like O'Neill, Ventura, Strawberry, Knoblauch, Gooden, Cone and Justice). But really all that is on 9 years' worth of prime production, not an especially long stretch for a guy who was never dominant.

I'm really conflicted on all three. McGwire strikes me as a Hall of Famer due to his amazing power numbers and great OBPs over a 13 year span, and gets some credit for playing for a team that won 3 straight pennants and a championship. But his injuries put him at the back of this pack, although by this measure he still stands ahead of Edgar over their 13/14 year primes.

Edgar is also a very tough call. Elite, Hall-quality hitter, no doubt. But even aside from the negatives we incorporate here (high-scoring offensive context, durability issues), Edgar has everything else going against him: zero defensive value, slow baserunner, played for teams that consistently underacheived despite an amazing talent core, a career mark of .156/.239/.234 in three ALCS (compared, to be fair, to .375/.481/.781 in four ALDS). I certainly would not be offended at including a guy of Edgar's elite status as a hitter, but the case for him seems much weaker to me than it seems to a lot of sabermetrically-inclined folks who tend to total up his career numbers and ignore the injury-driven holes in his playing time.

The thing that struck me the most is that when you set aside their mystiques and the offsetting virtues of Edgar's high batting averages vs Big Mac's homers, what you see is that their cases are quite similar. That doesn't mean you can't reach opposite conclusions based on the factors at the margins, as I do with Larkin and Trammell, but it does suggest that just writing one of the two in and the other one out should not be done without a thorough analysis. If forced to vote, I'd pull the lever today for Bernie and McGwire but not Edgar, but I could easily be persuaded to the contrary for any of the three. That leaves us:

Jeff Bagwell
Tim Raines
Fred McGriff
Rafael Palmeiro
Barry Larkin
Mark McGwire
Bernie Williams*

Edgar Martinez
Alan Trammell
Larry Walker
Jack Morris
Lee Smith
Don Mattingly
Dale Murphy
Juan Gonzalez
Tim Salmon*
Javy Lopez*

* - First time candidates. Also no on the rest of the first timers, of which the best is probably Ruben Sierra.

Finally, for what it's worth, below the fold is another quick set of metrics on the career numbers.

B/O is a basic bases/outs (including SB, CS & GIDP). Adj B/O is B/O divided by park-adjusted league OPS (bear in mind this is not high science here). B/O+ is (bases * plate appearances)/(outs * park-adjusted league OPS). The latter metric favors the guys like Palmeiro, Raines, McGriff and Bagwell who had long, consistent careers. At the end I tacked on their raw, career percentages and Runs/RBI totals.

Rafael Palmeiro12046132692577240.907581.1814.250.2880.3710.51516631835
Tim Raines10359123595165550.917291.2512.900.2940.3850.4251571980
Jeff Bagwell9431149594457821.037601.3512.760.2970.4080.54015171529
Fred McGriff10174134587465310.907531.1912.150.2840.3770.50913491550
Edgar Martinez8672147513951860.997571.3111.350.3120.4180.51512191261
Mark McGwire7660162504347161.077411.4411.050.2630.3940.58811671414
Dave Parker10184121529869680.767271.0510.650.2900.3390.47112721493
Larry Walker8030140518549761.047981.3110.490.3130.4000.56513551311
Bernie Williams9053125501159190.857651.1110.020.2970.3810.47713661257
Barry Larkin9057116490058520.847571.1110.020.2950.3710.4441329960
Dale Murphy9040121490861260.807321.099.890.2650.3460.46911971266
Alan Trammell9375110456561880.747321.019.450.2850.3520.41512311003
Don Mattingly7721127392450500.787291.078.230.3070.3580.47110071099
Juan Gonzalez7155132422148230.887671.148.160.2950.3430.56110611404
Posted by Baseball Crank at 12:20 PM | Baseball 2012-13 • | Baseball Studies | Comments (10) | TrackBack (0)

I guess I don't understand, McGwire still is not getting his due, but Bagwell does. Both are kind of in the same category. McGwire may have juiced, but he did it before the rules were changed. Bagwell may have juiced, but he never got caught. McGwire should be in that HOF, maybe Bagwell too. It is kind of like Alice Cooper finally getting into the Rock and Roll HOF, it had become illigitimate without him. Same is becoming true with the BBHOF. It will be interesting to see the ballots next years with Bonds, Clemons and Sosa eligible.

Posted by: maddirishman at January 9, 2012 7:23 PM

I'm with the majority of the former players -- PEDs constituted cheating and should per se disqualify anyone (as gambling did for Pete Rose). Direct evidencs, as in the cases of Bonds, Clemens, McGwire, makes for an easy case. The tougher ones are the circumstantial cases, such as Bagwell and, perhaps, Piazza. For this, I'd be inclined to vote them in and, if solid evidence of PED usage comes out, provide for immediate rejection from the Hall.

Posted by: Magrooder at January 9, 2012 9:47 PM

I'd prefer a mechanism for booting inductees to the witch hunt we have now.

Posted by: Crank at January 10, 2012 9:29 AM

I agree that steroids shouldn't automatically exclude anyone from the Hall of Fame, but Rafiel Palmiero should be excluded. When he was 30, he had only 155 home runs, and his career high was 39. Then, he went exceeded his carrer high at ages 33 (43 HRs), 34 (47 HRs), 36 (47 HRs), and 37 (43 HRs). His Baseball Reference Comparables go from Darin Erstad (age 26), Al Oliver (age 27), John Olerud (ages 28 and 29), and Will Clark (ages 30 & 31), to Orlando Cepeda (ages 34 & 35) and Eddie Murray (ages 37-40), and ends up with the highest similarity over his career to Frank Robinson. So, after age 30, Palmiero somehow elevated himself into a Hall of Fame Player? He Will Clark on steroids, and doesn't deserve to be there.

Posted by: wtd at January 10, 2012 11:33 AM

I'm curious why a player like Dale Murphy doesn't get more credit for being the best player in the game in his prime. It's the hall of fame. Being the best should count for more, even over a shorter career, than being pretty good over a longer career.

Has anyone ever designed a metric awarding sigmas for each season? How many std deviations over the median does each player earn over a career? Where being the very best player in year X might be worth more sigmas than being pretty good for 4 years.

Posted by: stan at January 10, 2012 3:53 PM

I don't know how many STD deviations professional athletes earn over a career but from the company Alex Rodriguez keeps he probably has at least 2. Thank you, the veal is delicious. Tip your waitress.

Posted by: jim at January 11, 2012 11:48 AM

Although the writers generally do a much better job than the Veteran's Committee, this time around, the Vets did get it right, because Santo was long overdo. Now I don't have an issue with Larkin (except when he vetoed a trade to the Mets, which would have really put them over the top); he meets my own criteria: Be the best in your league in your position for 5 years, and be among the best 2 for another 5 (which is why I wouldn't vote for Mattingly). But where I can't quite figure it out is Albert Belle. I'm not going say he's a HOFer, but to be knocked off the ballot when you consider his dominance, which far exceeded Mattingly (but of course was the most hated player by almost everyone since Hornsby), it's taking it too personally. The guy was an all time great hitter (and an all time great asshole, I won't defend him).

Frank Thomas is a gimme; Piazza has only the slightest of steroid taint, and with the 9/11 aura, will make it. I think the writers will make sure Griffey goes in before Bonds. I said for the last few years that Mariano might actually be the first unanimous selection. Now I think it might be Griffey, because he was Bonds' biggest rival during their real primes; Griffey could be tough but was generally popular with the press; Bonds was miserable as we know. Griffey is clean regarding PEDs, and Bonds, well..... So I honestly can see a unanimous Junior (who is every inch an immortal anyway, and he gets to be talked about with the DiMaggios and Speakers anyway) as another way for the writers to say, "Screw you Barry."

Posted by: Daryl at January 11, 2012 2:33 PM

There will be some NW folks who covered baseball and/or the Mariners that have votes that won't vote for him the 1st time. The Kid was a great public persona but behind the scenes he wasn't the easiest guy in the world to deal with. Someone(s) will leave him off because of that.

Posted by: jim at January 11, 2012 3:05 PM

I know Jim, which was what made me wonder about Mariano. But I think the writers hate of Bonds far exceeds their annoyance at Junior, and yes, it won't be unanimous, but every now and then, because of Bonds hatred (and I can't say I blame them) you never know.....

Posted by: Daryl at January 12, 2012 6:25 PM

I don't see it with Junior. There's also probably some scribe in Cinci that he wasn't great to who thinks Junior broke up a pretty good team, got injured constantly and then got old and never did a thing for the Reds. Not getting that guy's 1st round vote either.

Mariano? Whoever doesn't vote for that guy shouldn't get a vote.

Posted by: jim at January 12, 2012 6:41 PM
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